What is the difference in compensation for demolition of photovoltaic power plants?
The 531 New Deal was called "the most stringent PV policy in history"! After the New Deal was issued, the photovoltaic industry quickly entered the cold winter period. Many insiders said that the sky had collapsed, there was no way to live, the indicators were controlled, and the superimposed subsidies were unbuffered. Downgraded, the entire photovoltaic industry has been hit, just a moment, a variety of negative energy filled the entire industry.
The owners who joined the grid before May 31 were still deeply relieved. After all, the New Deal did not affect them, so that they did not lose anything, still can get the national subsidy of 0.42 yuan / watt or 0.37 yuan / watt.
However, the problem of recent PV demolition has been paid more and more attention by users. Before the 531 New Deal, the state's compensation for PV demolition was like this:
State regulations: The demolition of photovoltaic power generation system shall be compensated according to the Regulations on House Expropriation and Compensation on State-owned Land. The compensation includes compensation for the value of the house to be requisitioned, and the loss of production and business suspension caused by the expropriation of houses. Therefore, if you want to demolish, PV users can get two parts of compensation:
1. Compensation for the value of the photovoltaic system itself;
Second, the compensation for total revenue of photovoltaics in the next few years.
Practical examples of compensation for demolition of photovoltaic power plants:
Installed capacity: 3kw
Installation cost: 24,000 yuan
Installation time: August 2015
Power station address: Huai'an City, Jiangsu Province
According to the information learned from the owner, the power plant demolition compensation is 35,000 yuan, all equipment materials of the photovoltaic power station are owned by the owner, and the owner bears the disassembly costs.
In a county around Baoding, Hebei Province, several cases of installation of photovoltaic power plants have been carried out, and the demolition cases have been carried out. The specific compensation schemes are as follows:
Option 1: Compensate according to 80%~100% of the total price of the equipment. The dismantled household photovoltaic power station equipment can be resold by itself or installed in different places.
Option 2: Compensation is based on 1.2 to 1.5 times the total price of the equipment, but the household photovoltaic power plant equipment will be removed and taken away.
These two schemes have their own advantages and disadvantages. Although the scheme 1 has less compensation, the subsequent benefits are large;
Although the second option is more, it is only a hammer sale.
However, after the New Deal, what is the state's compensation for photovoltaic demolition?
Recently, the Quxi District of Jiujiang City issued a notice on the “Reconstruction of the Urban Village Reconstruction Project of the Resettlement Site of the Jiujiang Marshalling Station of the Anjiu Railway in Wuli Area”. The document mentions that the demolition cost for household photovoltaics is 5,000 yuan/kW. The labor cost is 300 yuan / set.
In the demolition documents, it is not mentioned that the ownership of photovoltaic equipment after demolition belongs to the residents or the government. However, according to the compensation clause, most villagers may choose to relocate the house, but the relocated house is constructed in the form of a unit building. It is obvious that the use of photovoltaics does not have installation conditions.
We estimate the benefits of a whole set of household PVs based on the average installed price of household PV last year and subsequent revenue:
If a demolition resident installs a 5KW household photovoltaic system, the installation price is 8 yuan per watt, and the total installation cost is 40,000 yuan. According to Jiujiang's effective utilization hours, its annual power generation is conservatively estimated. It is about 6000 degrees. Even if it is estimated according to last year's subsidy policy, its annual income is about 5,500 yuan. If the subsidy is calculated for 20 years, the whole household photovoltaic system can bring in more than 70,000 yuan of income.
However, if the compensation is calculated according to the demolition clause, the compensation received by the user is only 25,000 yuan, not only the cost is not recovered, but the subsequent income is even more difficult to talk about. More crucially, since the launch of the New Deal, household photovoltaics began to require indicators, and subsidies have also been reduced. The policy dividends that can be enjoyed by household PVs that were previously connected to the grid have been reduced. This part of the losses basically requires villagers. To bear.
Therefore, the compensation for demolition of 5,000 yuan / kW, the relevant government authorities do not feel unreasonable?
How is the law in China related to demolition?
According to Articles 17 to 29 of the Regulations on the Expropriation and Compensation of Houses on State-owned Land, compensation for demolition includes three aspects:
a. Compensation for the value of the house to be requisitioned.
b. Compensation for relocation and temporary resettlement caused by house expropriation.
c. Compensation for loss of production and business suspension due to house acquisition
Among them, the compensation for the value of the house to be requisitioned shall not be lower than the market price of the similar real estate on the day of the announcement of the house expropriation decision. The value of the house to be requisitioned shall be assessed and determined by the real estate price assessment agency with corresponding qualifications in accordance with the housing expropriation assessment method.
Which national departments are responsible for demolition matters?
According to the relevant laws and regulations, the municipal and county-level people's governments are responsible for the house expropriation and compensation in their respective administrative areas. The house expropriation department (hereinafter referred to as the house expropriation department) determined by the municipal and county-level people's governments organizes the implementation of house expropriation and compensation in their respective administrative areas. The relevant departments of the municipal and county-level people's governments shall, in accordance with the provisions of these Regulations and the division of responsibilities prescribed by the people's government at the same level, cooperate with each other to ensure the smooth conduct of house expropriation and compensation.
How should we protect our own interests?
The state stipulates that the demolition of photovoltaic power generation system shall be compensated according to the Regulations on the Expropriation and Compensation of Houses on State-owned Land. The compensation includes compensation for the value of the house to be requisitioned, and the loss of production and business suspension caused by the expropriation of houses. Therefore, if demolition is to be carried out, PV users can get two parts of compensation: one is the compensation of the value of the PV system itself, and the other is the compensation of the total revenue of PV in the next few years.
Regarding the compensation for demolition, you don't have to be too upset. Keeping the PV installation license and the contract signed with the grid company can prove the value of the PV power plant. If you encounter the demolition, you can only get the corresponding materials. make up:
1. License: The PV resident grid application form, the power company seal document (non-resident projects need the NDRC filing documents)
2, the purchase and sale contract: the original contract and seal signed with the installer, payment vouchers.